This phenomenon has threatened the existence of many animals, including humans.
Unfortunately, it has already made several species to go completely extinct, and it is only going to get worse unless we do something about it.
We have compiled a list of 12 animals that have went extinct in this year only, and unless we drastically change the way we use our resources, this list will only grow.
1. Bramble Cay Melomys
The Bramble Cay melomys is a small rodent that looks like a regular mouse.
This small animal was endemic to a small coral island located in Australia’s Great Barrier Reef. Rising temperatures and sea levels are the primary causes for the extinction of this little animal.
The Bramble Cay melomys was last spotted in 2009, all attempts to find it since have failed.
Australian scientists had hoped to prevent the extinction by starting a captive breeding program for the animal. But they were much too late.
2. Pinta Island Tortoise
When he passed away in 2012 at the age of 100, the species as a whole was brought to an end.
“It is a very sad story for all of us” – a national park ranger, told The New York Times after the tortoise’s death.
3. Western Black Rhinoceros
The Western Black Rhinoceros was last sighted in 2006, and its demise was brought by massive poaching.
Its horn was said to have high healing qualities, and many people hunted these animals for profit.
At the beginning of the 20th century it was numbering about a million in all. Today, nobody has ever seen it since 2006.
According to the World Wildlife Fund, about 96% of black rhinos were killed by poachers between 1970-1990.
4. Vietnamese Rhinoceros
Vietnamese Rhinoceros, just like the Western Black rhino, also went extinct because of massive hunting.
The very last Vietnamese rhino was a female, died in 2009 somewhere in the jungle in southwest Vietnam.
A year later, her skeleton was found and her horn crudely hacked off.
Conservationists later discovered, the poacher had used a semi automatic weapon to shoot the rhino.
The animal had survived the shooting, she died months later.”The gunshot did kill the rhino, it just took a long time to do it.” – Ed Newcomer, a US Fish And Wildlife Service agent told the BBC.
5. Rabbs’ Fringe-Limbed Tree Frog
In recent years, a deathly fungus has been claiming lives of many amphibians.
This particular specie of frogs was devastated by the disease, and with the death of the last of its kind, it is now officially extinct.
It is believed that the very last Rabbs’ fringe-limbed tree frog on the planet, named Toughie, died at the age of 12.
They were known for being excellent climbers and gliders.
Scientists first identified Toughie’s species in 2005. A group of researchers went to central Panama to collect live animals before a deadly chytrid fungus consumed the area, but unfortunately the Rabbs’ tree frog population did not survive the catastrophic fungus, which is believed it is linked to the climate changes.
6. South Island Kokako
Massive deforestation and introduction of non-native predators are just two of the reasons why this bird went extinct.
It was last spotted in 2007. They are known for not being very great at flying. Instead, they prefer to use their powerful legs to run and jump through the forest.
7. Plectostoma Charasense
The Plectostoma Charasense is a small land snail that could be found in Southeast Asia.
Several of these species are threatened, and two are already extinct! The main reason for their extinction is the destroying of their natural habitat.
A cement company in order to quarrying for cement, destroyed one of the hills where the snails were found.
The Plectostoma snail was last seen in 2007.
8. Barada Spring Minnow
This fish was endemic to the aforementioned spring, located in Syria. The ongoing urbanization and the devastating war brought an end to this fish.
The cold and clear water (Syria’s Barada Spring) was the home of a lone minnows, but in 2008, the water was completely drained and could not meet the needs of a ballooning population.
9. Christmas Island Pipistrelle
The Christmas Island Pipistrelle is a miniature bat native to the Christmas Island.
The bat weighed about 3 grams.
This small bat has been living on the island for thousands of years, but its population started declining in the 1980.
By 2009, only one bat was found and they weren’t able to save the species. The decline of the population was mostly attributed to invasive species introduced in the area.
Scientists raised a red flag by warning the Australian government that there is an extremely high risk this species might go extinct in the near future.
They sought permission for a breeding program and it took several months before the approval was granted. Unfortunately it was too late.
10. Cryptic Treehunter
The Cryptic Treehunter was discovered in 2015 (Atlantic forest in Brazil), and only a year later, it was presumed extinct.
Deforestation has been cited is the main cause for this species demise.
11. Ua Pou Monarch
This bird was native to the UaPou island in French Polynesia, and was only recognized in 2004. However, there have been no sightings of the bird since 2010, and it is presumed extinct.
12. Ceratophysella sp. nov. ‘HC’
Last on our list is Ceratophysella sp. nov. ‘HC’. This springtail was discovered in 2006 in Vietnam, in a cave in the Hon Chong hills.
Unfortunately, 10 years later, this creature is considered a ‘relic of the past’.
If you think that the loss of any species is a true tragedy, please share this with your friends and family. Turn the awareness to a higher level. Before it’s too late!